0-9   a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z

Ai-hanmi

Ai-hanmi describes a stance, where both partners are facing each other in a parallel position, turning the same side to the partner ("shake-hands position").

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Aiki-taiso

Aikido exercises to improve body awareness, movements and focus


Aikijo

Aikijo is a collective term for staff techniques and exercises that have a clear relation to empty-handed Aikido techniques. It is practised with the wooden jo.


Aikiken

Aikiken is a sword practice that has a clear relation to empty-handed Aikido techniques. It is practised with the wooden bokken.

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Ayumi-ashi

Walking by putting one foot in front of the other, keeping the feet close to the ground (gliding movement).


Buki-waza

Weapons practice, attacks and techniques


Gyaku-hanmi

Gyaku-hanmi describes a stance, where both partners have the alternate side to the front ("mirror position").

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Hanmi

Basic stance, where one side of the body faces UKE.

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Hanmi-handachi-waza (Hanmi-handachi)

Name for all techniques where uke attacks the kneeling Tori from a standing position. One of the three levels on which Aikido is practised.


Hantai

Reversed, opposite


Irimi

Irimi is a direct entry movement towards the partner. It can consist of a step or a gliding step.

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Irimi-tenkan

Typical aikido entry: step or gliding step towards UKE, followed by a TENKAN turn.

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Kata

1. shoulder; 2. predetermined sequence of movements (practice form)


Katate

Wrist


Ki-ai

Breath power of impulse cry: sharp and loud yell to focus energy (usually when striking in an attack).


Kihon-waza

Basic aikido techniques (grading curriculum)


Kimusubi

(Exercises for) connecting the ki between the partners


Kiritsu

Standing up from kneeling position (seiza). This movement is practised to exercise posture, balance and focus.


Kumitachi

Partner exercise: sword against sword


Ma-ai

Ma-ai is the "harmonic distance" between Tori and Uke: just outside the reach of punches and kicks, but close enough to engage quickly.


Mae-ukemi

Rolling or falling forward.


Musubi

Musubi is the connection or the living contact between uke and tori, e.g. in a dori attack (grip).


Noto

Sheathing the sword


Nuki

Drawing the sword, unsheathing


Omote

Entry in front of uke at the beginning of a technique (mnemonic: "omote" with "o" as in "front").


Seiza

Kneeling position, with outstretched or raised toes; the term is also used for sitting down.

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Shikko

"Walking" movement on one's knees, powered from the hips.


Suburi

Repetitive individual cutting exercises with bokken or jo.

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Suwari-waza

Name for all techniques where both partners are kneeling. One of the three levels on which Aikido is practised.


Tachi-dori

TACHI-DORI is the general term for all techniques where UKE attacks with a sword and TORI disarms him or her with bare hands..


Tachi-waza

Generic term for all techniques where both partners are standing. One of the three levels on which Aikido is practised.


Tai-sabaki

Fundamental movements and steps which are used for repositioning.

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Te

Hand


Tenkai

180-degree turn on the spot, without moving the feet (hip only); called Kaiten or Tenkai.


Tenkan

Tenkan is a passing movement, turning the body on one foot by 180 degrees.

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Tori

Tori is the partner which applies the technique ("defender").

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Torifune

"Rowing exercise"; exercise to build up breath power by swinging the arms from the hips to the front and pulling them back with a focussed movement; usually accompanied with the ki-ai sounds "hey-ho" and "hey-sa".


Tsugi-ashi

Stepping pattern where the front foot glides forward, and the back foot closes up (no crossing).

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Uke

Uke is the attacker. The word literally means „the receiving one“.

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Ukemi

Ukemi is the reaction of uke to a technique, especially in the sense of rolling or falling. The word literally means "receiving".

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Ura

Entry in the back of uke at the beginning of a technique (mnemonic: "ura" with "r" as in "rear").


Ushiro-ukemi

Rolling or falling backwards.


Ushiro-waza

Generic name for all attacks from behind. Uke steps into the back of tori, e.g. in order to choke him from behind.


Zanshin

Zanshin is the physical and mental state of increased awareness and attention, especially at the end of a technique.

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A comprehensive collection of instructive videos is available under Media > Basic Forms.

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